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At the same time, I twice thwarted efforts to seize Economics and place it into Business permanently. I felt there was a lot at stake in this struggle to preserve a liberal education in fundamentals. Telling this, I am often congratulated. There could not be effortless growth in graduate work at Southern Oregon College, not even in Business, for the large universities upstate had long offered strong programs. We offered General Studies degrees that were three quarters in length for full time enrollees. They could include a masters thesis but usually did not.

Our College, unlike the universities, gave no credit allowances to faculty who offered graduate instruction, let alone thesis direction, you see. Masters theses were very unlikely to expand in number in such an anti-research environment. Yes, I did! Undergraduate term papers, which could have paved the way to love of research, dwindled through the years—and not just at our college, I think.

They saw our graduate coursework as primarily a service we were extending to teachers needing raises Valley wide. Beginning almost at once, in , I waged a sturdy battle for universal written and oral examinations for masters candidates. It was uphill all the way, but the point of view I favored ultimately prevailed. Neither McGill nor the president sympathized with my position, and on the Committee there was outspoken open hostility. It seemed likely to me that when the Committee met face to face one was nearly alone in this type institution having actually enjoyed both graduate work and dissertation.

I was surely alone in having chosen research seminars rather than lecture courses when in graduate school. That was even true, considerably, back at Stanford. My research seminars at that great institution leveled off at well under ten students. At SOC I must have displayed attitudes related to those inclinations. I had never taken even one course with an Education prefix. No wonder I enjoyed only limited appreciation from the educators who dominated or monopolized so many College procedures at the time.

Disputes unique to the academic world, sometimes narrow and pedantic, routinely foul the higher education community nationwide. Doctor of Philosophy holders, who are subject matter oriented, fought the hiring of Ed. Doctor of Education holders, who are education method directed, as even temporary instructors for their Liberal Arts coursework. I will not elaborate on two glaring instances of this. One would have thought the world was to come to an end as the Ph. To help understand this, recall that it was a day when required Education courses for teachers were being patronized in casual conversation by students and faculty alike.

But the charges were common then from students and the Ph. Still, I knew fine teachers in Education, for example ever youthful Dave Hoffman, and I was empathetic with the educators. No one is born knowing how to teach. The present day university Library, beautiful and imposing, was built and furnished as a structure in the present location, and all responsible for its design and funding deserve great credit.

When looking at it I see the books and periodicals. Those contents—the thousands of new books and periodical subscriptions and files that were researched, nominated, and ordered with great pains by librarians and some interested faculty—had to be chosen by somebody before cataloging. I am not reluctant to assert here that I was one of the most active in ordering, interpreting very broadly an assumed mandate to build the Library in nearly every aspect of the social sciences—stressing orders in environmentalism, foreign affairs, race, civil rights, and war.

When cleaning out my office a linear foot of thin confirmed order slips from seventeen years of ordering went out. The Marjorie Bailey Collection, gift of a female Stanford English professor, that contains books by and about Shakespeare and his times, has been developed continuously with the help of librarians and the volunteer organization Friends of the Library. It is an exciting aspect of College stature.

Some growth I know more about: As I said earlier, Bornet went as a Board member of Heart to the Oregon Heart Association to persuade them to grant five thousand dollars to us to start the Nursing collection. At about the same time, my attention given early to foreign affairs and international relations was relevant as in the s I started the New York Times, London Times, some exotic papers from India and Africa, and some government documents series—which were free but rejected before my arrival.

In any case, the Southern Oregon University Library later boasts ownership of huge sets of much value, for example, the War of the Rebellion, and the complete papers of Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and others of stature. The reference collection pleased me, and the government documents section was splendid. Its Reference service was a smooth operation; for years one admired Harold Otness, a published author, especially on Taiwan, who was a research scholar in his own right. Deborah Hollens built the ultimately award winning State and Federal Government Documents collection comprehensively.

I had a personal office in the Library for many years, as my Hoover and Johnson books got researched and there was preparation for new course offerings. I was there innumerable hours and seemed always welcome in the Library faculty lounge. The Rare Book Room was where I read oral histories sent on highly special really privileged loan from the Hoover Presidential Library, 25 per shipment.

Johnson hourly diary for all his presidential years, both funded for me by the SOC Foundation and now permanent parts of the Library. Few will agree, no doubt. Student use of the Library was, I felt, somewhat below what was common in the s at private Emory University. Moreover, I came to feel that the setting up of Reserve Lists and the ordeal of reading library-rooted term papers should not have faded—as it plainly did during the years of Vietnam when I am sure standards declined on campuses nationwide.

At Emory in the Depression we often used Library resources rather than costly textbooks. Our term papers then involved constant library use. These opinions are bound to read irritatingly, but I shall plow on. In Ashland, I sometimes thought, the home offices of professors were a bit too convenient a mere ten minutes away?

When strolling past empty offices after lunch I once thought faculty homes were competing too successfully with campus interaction. More than a few faculty were baby sitting at home to facilitate employment of a spouse. Still, most faculty put in many an extra hour interacting one on one with their students. Idealistically and unrealistically? Even while saying this, it needs to be stressed that SOC faculty worked privately with students more, I am certain, than faculty in most major universities.

My own record of casual, unofficial interaction was nothing special, by the way, and of course I could offer a plethora of excuses. So what about me? I spent endless time at the Library researching and writing on Presidents Hoover and Johnson. To McGill, I was forever a corporation employee. I cooled my heels many a fifteen minutes midmorning in his office while he interacted with his stock broker in Medford.

I should have cultivated him on that interest! And, should I have joined those perspicacious faculty who annually ordered a side of beef from stock raiser Elmo? Yes, sir! The Science Division, the English Department, Drama, other departments all over the campus, and administrative units, had their own successes and disappointments in those years. Science did get a new building, better laboratories, and well equipped lecture facilities.

Yet high hopes were dashed, campuswide, as money might not be forthcoming to fund equipment. Federal dollars flow better to major research universities. Morale had ups and downs as Southern Oregon College won—or lost—up state, unpublicized. The public thinks a college is built by its conspicuous figureheads, its coaches, and perhaps by those from the faculty who choose to run for public office or advise corporations.

On the contrary, vast faculty time goes into planning new buildings, for decisions have to be made on style, function, scope, and services to be rendered. Department chairmen in these decades gave more than anyone realizes to insuring that a Music Building, an Education Building, a Library, an athletic facility, and a student union turned out well. Again, individuals are builders of a college campus. One who built esprit de corps within a faculty group was Sheldon Rio, campus academic leader and chairman of the solid Mathematics Department, whose bailiwick seemed to observant outsiders to be a model of constructive unity.

Some got a chuckle out of the gold colored sport coats they wore when together, displaying esprit de corps. The large English faculty was close knit and boasted literate Carol McNair, and Robert DeVoe who converted to painting with real precision. Psychologist Hal Cloer once trained in engineering often interacted effectively with issue-oriented groups. He drafted an eight page analysis of the SOC life he witnessed in the s. Faculty such as linguist Roger Weeks had hobbies handwriting analysis that make one remember them. There are so many more who raised their heads above the crowd, like biologist Frank Lang, who offered the public information and insights in a charming wildlife book long widely circulated through sale offered through Jefferson Public Radio.

An individual who was in the middle of many projects and activities during the presidency of James Sours was Assistant to the President Stewart McCollom, to the end of the decade. His productive career was enriched by earlier education related activities in the northern end of the state. Later to be County Commissioner in Jackson County, and often affiliated with and a leader of nonprofit organizations in the Valley, McCollom had a mandate to substitute for busy Sours as some projects began or matured.

Gregarious, he was by turns trouble shooter, point man, liaison with upstate officialdom, and facilitator. He had an influential career on and off the campus, as well as before and after SOC. Any college, may it be agreed, exists mostly for the teaching function. Some, especially at huge universities, intent on the crass god of reputation, allow research and teaching to get out of balance—while the students suffer.

I should think no college president, anywhere, paid greater lip service to Teaching, with a capital T, than he did. Praise for his long dedication to good teaching should be unrestrained! Yet to me, he overemphasized in all things the importance of methodology over academic content, no matter what. Seldom or never at Southern Oregon College, by the way, did we allow students to fill in for a paid faculty member who went on leave—commonplace in those big universities.

The State dictated awarding of student-voted Mosser teaching prizes in got lots of attention. The students had no idea who would be really difficult for us to replace, and I thought them too easily bemused by friendliness and breeziness even political correctness was a possibility. Our winners in the social sciences seemed to me, in any case, to be fully deserving of their one time financial recognition.

They made us proud. The creative Honors Program which came and went irregularly, living on a shoestring, is worth recalling. Here, Kreisman, an imaginative Honors English instructor, could take credit he certainly deserves, along with English teacher Richard Byrns, biologist Greg Fowler, historian of England Doug Legg, and similar staples of the program. While some dreamed of founding and operating an organized Honors Program that might approach the prestige of that at University of Oregon, it was not to be, as our program was minimally funded—or not at all.

In the last analysis, faculty were forced to remember that the Ashland college was not and could not really be analogous to a well funded private liberal arts college. Some amenities had to be denied us. That included the services of both Byrns and Fowler as time passed. An annoyance at SOC was trying to control the overuse of irregular catalog numbers to teach anything and everything thus bypassing the State authorized curriculum and upstate permission.

This was much argued—too often in my unwilling hearing. Faculty sometimes hoped to teach their dissertation or hobby subjects under irregular numbers. Many more areas of controversy could possibly be recalled—like the grade inflation which was a commonplace phenomenon of the Vietnam years definitely draft-evasion related.

The ultimate rationale for it was to somehow aid students, or to just to express comity with draft or Vietnam War resistance. It could be a social and intellectual irritant to those of us from elsewhere. I never thought my mostly private university background and Stanford connection were assets in Eugene- and Corvallis-dominated Ashland. What real difference did it make? Clearly, all of us have an elitist streak! Curriculum matters divide those in higher education; after all, the passage of time can change things.

A Curriculum Committee meeting in the early s cancelled the requirement that students take a course in Physical Education. Before doing that, an old injunction in the catalog that all graduates be able to swim got deleted after spirited debate in the same place. One conjectures whether that s deletion should be rolled back—considering the focus in the s on obesity in youths.

Preserving the unity and integrity of academic subjects greatly interests some scholars. This practice of long standing came under successful attack. Actually, much was at stake. Many academic subjects with 3-unit courses stood to reach out for many new enrollees if the traditional requirement should be killed or modified. The newly altered language allowed students to take up to three utterly different courses in each of three year-long sequences to meet the still retained 9-hour sequence requirements. The long range result was, I know, a disaster for difficult three quarter lower division subjects like Western Civilization, American History, and maybe some hard sciences physics?

Sociology, speech, psychology and so on blossomed. Thus Sociology could replace Western Civ , so students could begin with Civ Meanwhile, the old college requirements that all students must take Art Appreciation and Music Appreciation got knifed. I thought ruefully that for my own good I should have been required to take both back at dear old Emory University in my undergraduate days.

I would require them at all colleges, if I could, for the history of music and the arts is not easily learned from scratch. Prerequisites basic courses were then necessary before taking most upper division coursework. How many, and what? This writer cheerfully admits he differed from Chairman of Humanities soon Dean Kreisman more often than not on nearly every one of such revisionary matters, with him siding always with change and innovation, while this writer usually went with tried and true orthodoxy.

Not that anybody cares at this late date, surely. From time to time at this Oregon institution of higher learning and many others there has been heat-generating planning to convert from the quarter to the semester system and from the existing five courses at a time full load to three. Bornet had studied at three institutions that had the quarter system with three courses at a time Emory, Georgia, Stanford. I remember nearly all my professors! Three courses for three months, with the class meeting daily, is a formula for almost permanent faculty-student rapport.

Finally, graduation after 36 courses seems far less fragmented than after 60 courses. I also felt that a student taking five courses with each carrying only three credits meant a certain ease in casually dropping a course—usually the hard one or 8 AM , of course. Graduation is expensively postponed a year or so. Parents: move in! And, students should enroll for full loads whenever possible. It has been hard to get used to this common phenomenon.

Much is at stake when shifting from 3 to 5 or vice versa, but qualified opinions do differ. What a waste of faculty time were those never ending discussions on credits and format, that is, quarters versus semesters and five day versus six day weeks, in meetings one tried to avoid. Both departments boasted other productive faculty. A piano specialist who apprenticed at SOC and got the Ph. Thanks to SOC has been inadequate? The Art Department had a long wait to get its ultimate housing; only frustrated hopes accompanied the years of endless planning meetings until a good solution was found as Art created a home.

Apparently a super hobby, that activity followed a long career in coaching. His is a unique accomplishment, for he holds world records in many events. SOC athletics then and now has had good rapport with local citizens. Of course, the Indian as our symbol underwent the condemnation then common nationwide—for no good reason—I thought; so it is I treasured two bone china mugs bearing the cute little Indian with hatchet that we display with empathy for yesteryear. The Faculty Lounge that was provided in our Britt building, a crummy place, really, was for some of us in the Sixties a rallying point and almost social headquarters, although some groups like Science and English came to desert it in favor of home ingrown?

But it was boisterous Arthur Kreisman, laughing and poking fun, who made the place a lively refuge. It was solely in the old Britt lounge that I got acquainted with English professor Angus Bowmer, the founder—with the help of the College and many interested townspeople—of the Oregon Shakespeare Festival, an institution that has often interacted with the College. As the years passed and tempers were tested Stevenson came to think that outspoken chatter he conceptualized as hostile in the faculty lounge was a breeding ground for discontent and planning for changes.

When it was abruptly closed I led the protests, waging a bound to be losing fight. One letter I wrote Don Lewis was downright belligerent, I think. I remember idle talk but little planning for creation of a faculty restaurant and overnight guest rooms in Swedenburg House, but nothing came of it in localized Ashland. There was much brown bagging among the underpaid faculty in those days; it got in the way of dreams of a fancy restaurant facility as at Eugene and Stanford.

Our numbers base was inadequate to any such club-like effort, anyway. Two anecdotes relating to odd events related to that venerable enterprise have to be left untold here. But Taylor Hall, an early s structure, a design disaster, emerged early from an uncompromising architect prevailing then with the President. I arrived a year too late to be in on major design features but did block a done deal to put all faculty office desks in one big room to guarantee cheaper heating.

I dragged the president over to Taylor Hall during construction to try to stop placement of sun screening cinder blocks on the panoramic mountain view north side which lacked sun. He seemed to agree, but gave in to resistant opinions voiced by ye architect. It was fun to create the redundantly named Taylor Room in Taylor Hall for seminars and oral exams, using swivel oak chairs scrounged campus wide and an historic oak table from rural Jackson County donated by Mary Hanley, an Oregon pioneer and dear friend of Taylor and me.

On it I financed an ephemeral plate glass top. In my day the room became the totally appropriate locale for those innovative graduate examinations and other serious gatherings whose members luxuriated on their tilting swivel chairs by the oak table. President Jim Sours, once a Harvard political science student, was my idea of one who offered calm and constructive leadership for a time to a campus which needed it. I wrote him a three page letter from World Campus Afloat shipboard in South Asia before his own arrival from overseas teaching in Turkey, advising him candidly on what I thought was needed to bring the College into the 20th century.

His reaction pleased me. For whatever reason, Sours entrusted me with several time consuming and meaningful assignments in his years. While his health held up our families had pleasant evenings together. His final time in office, marked by failing eyesight, was controversial and unhappy, but I honor his memory. Not so President Natalie Sicuro, partisan of athletes, who I think lacked appeal for most faculty outside PE but must have looked adequate to some townspeople.

The whole scene is hard to view. KSOR was the major and almost the only radio voice in the whole Valley that carried classical music for, say, opera lovers when it got going. With Russell Sadler crusading frequently in the AM it became an unabashed voice for the new environmentalism. Jeff Golden was a liberal voice.

Students hoped in vain to make it chiefly an announcer-training facility! Nor could they convert it to the intrusive Sixties music! The importance of this unit of National Public Radio to isolated valleys is evident. Its region now stretches from the ocean to Idaho and Eugene to Redding. Wiley of the Federal Communications Commission was a bit of a wake-up call to that body that a Valley suffering from cultural stagnation needed relief.

Today, oddly, our other local and Southern Oregon AM and FM radio stations, courting money and ratings, still ignore classical music. Two causes—disinterest in culture and a quest for profit—came with absentee owners who apparently never listen to their own lowbrow signal. The sad thing is that people are used to the mediocrity on most radio stations, say I.

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Then there have been the Christian Athletes, Debate Tournaments, Cheerleaders, and the giant Christmas gift bazaar in Stevenson Union for the whole community—abandoned casually and in my view stupidly. A Naval Reserve unit met on campus led for a time, early on, by Bob Edwards, who ultimately departed for far away Corning Glass. We Reservists remember the group fondly. From the community came Richard Herndobler and Al Willstatter. There were serious lectures as we earned points and talked of some wartime days of yesteryear.

Higher Education in Ashland in various forms has been a godsend for older citizens who live here. The Elderhostel program at SOU was born in Both it and Elderhostel once one of the largest of such units are very appealing to adult citizens. Gutsy science professor Ron Lamb founded with patient determination and innovation a Natural History Museum on East Main that once featured environmentalism.

Rather than brutal carping, he and Mrs. Lamb deserve gratitude for what they struggled so hard to do. The new science museum and the exciting federal forensic laboratory came after the years featured here. Contributions made to the College by financial donors such as the Carpenter Foundation, William and Florence Schneider, the DeBoers, and by local citizens who served long and ably on both sitting and ad hoc College boards and commissions, need to be extolled. I recall pleasantly the regular 50 minute presentations Dunbar Carpenter made on Valley environmental matters to my new class on The Environment.

Pear smudging was to coin a phrase under fire in those days. Faculty found financing of dissertation completion very hard, so Carpenter support for that in some cases was welcome. There are entire historical accounts waiting to be written about such subjects as the Science Division especially , Art, Physical Education, and so on.

Professor Marvin D. Science was able to prepare its majors well for graduate training, and it got federal and other grants. It is embarrassing to leave so many faculty names off this page. Will someone do an account of the growth of Science at SOC? And PE, Art? Varsity teams? Music and Drama need their histories, for the development of their buildings and many programs is much too intricate for outsiders to handle comprehensively.

They have long interacted with the Oregon Shakespeare Festival and occasionally with Britt. Members of the Drama faculty developed the Oregon Cabaret Theater on their own; it became a long term source of pleasure for many. A Dinner Theater on campus was another Drama innovation. To balance all this, some failures—like killing intercollegiate swimming just as the brand new pool was filled—are best forgotten. The English Department mentioned earlier was one of the largest on campus. Its important chairmanship rotated in these years, with the leadership of Ed Hungerford beginning in , and Don Reynolds, Charles Chuck Ryberg, and James Dean among those serving ably in the post.

English was kept busy with its entry course called Writing, which had many sections. It was a very influential part of the curriculum. English faculty had high visibility on the SOC campus and its members participated actively in activities. Jim Bowen, for example served on the Lectures Committee with me, facing students we tried to educate in parliamentary procedure and worldly matters. Southern Oregon University has been strong on welcoming international students and featuring their varied cultures.

The College story should include memory of a Hawaiian liaison in the s when the islands were a Territory and high school graduates were entitled to Oregon in-state tuition. There could be up to fifty here then. The International student program has become multi-continental in focus. It was led over the years by various individuals. Dean Bob Bennett dealt with students from overseas on a personal basis. The Dankook and Guanajuato connections have been of long standing.

Professor of Spanish Chela Kochs and Jose and Betty Ferrer he hailed from Argentina share credit for developing the Guanajuato University interaction, offering their time and homes. Bornet loaned his office to a visiting Dankook professor for a useful sabbatical year, but this one never taught in Korea. Interaction with several Japanese higher educational units has been common, especially in summers. Hosting barely college age and almost always laughing teen age Japanese girls in summer was a memorable adventure for all during the building of self confidence in the young women.

Southern Oregon College eventually a State University could have relaxed idly in backward looking parochialism and insularity, but every one of its various presidents helped make sure it did not, guaranteeing the increasingly traditional International Week strong backing. Ashland has been and ought to remain a good town for international students. Asia and Africa, and Arab countries, have supplied many satisfied individuals who got solid educations.

At this writing I am willing to surmise that Southern Oregon University in the new Century will prove exceedingly popular with international students as time progresses. Four year higher education and its various degrees can require protection against invasive actions by community colleges and similar Lower Division coursework facilities, in my view.

SOC was intended to grow, but plans lost out to enrollment elsewhere of masses of students in nursing, law enforcement, office skills, and assorted liberal arts work of the freshman and sophomore years. In my view, the two-year institutions cut the heart out of the steady growth to which the Ashland institution was clearly entitled.

Progress at SOC was clearly thwarted by uncontrolled, well, plagerism. State leaders knew the campus infrastructure was being officially planned and built in the Sixties and Seventies for 6, students—nearly a thousand of whom never came. Planning for a time was even for 8, students! Both Taylor Hall and the Library had foundations for two more floors; the money was wasted. The two year institutions cheerfully stole large numbers of SOC courses. The entire SOC administrative team went along without loud protesting that enrollment competition for several reasons.

We were helpless to thwart it. We grouched privately all the way. We even protested in Coos Bay! Still, innumerable students in Grants Pass and Klamath Falls and elsewhere saved their time and gasoline. They enjoyed college-level education through their sophomore years. They also paid far less than enrollees at state colleges and universities.

There is no claim here that their community college courses were substandard in any vital way. It certainly appears that an accommodation has been reached between Medford and the Ashland institution on future development. Clearly, community colleges are here to stay! But give regional colleges a series of real breaks, please…. Having a campus home base means something to a student during formative years!

Living four years immersed in an American collegiate environment does change young people for the better. One more thing. Some who for one reason or another go to community college should have been studying all along with a painstakingly selected and largely doctored faculty like that at SOC , who possessed extensive specialized experience in ways of keeping their academic discipline up to date. And those financial benefits are undeniable at a time when the cost of an American college or university education has become frightening. Some students in my years and today enroll in some upper division work at SOC concurrently with Lower Division work elsewhere.

So it is that it is great that Rogue Community College earned successful development and status in both Grants Pass and Medford. Even so, our past cooperation with community colleges was demonstrably sacrificing and inhibited our growth which only reached the 5, vicinity in Still and all, the 21st Century is seeing innovative interaction, heavily publicized, between Ashland, Medford, and Grants Pass institutions. The new surroundings in revitalized downtown Medford are bringing a bright—and sound—future from which all will profit as the years go by.

Many dedicated and barely solvent college faculty taught Extension courses during evenings and weekends from Klamath Falls and Lakeview in the East to Gold Beach and Brookings on the coast, and north to Roseburg. Teachers in local schools got their required graduate credit without pesky summer enrollment with travel.

The pay was meager for those who taught, and the highways were mountainous and dangerous at night. Once, as midnight approached on Highway 66, Jose Ferrer spun a college station wagon degrees on the icy surface when Ashland bound; fortunately, he emerged intact and returned unscathed to his lovely wife Betty. The Ferrer family annually and more hosted History majors and faculty in their home and gardens with effort and expense, by the way.

Now and then somebody tells me of their gratitude. The Extension Division that arranged all this extracurricular teaching did not make it into Remembrances, nor did Charles Ivie and friendly Larry Helms, its directors for several decades. Former Municipal Judge Richard Cottle, then City Attorney Harry Skerry, and scores of similar local leaders who taught courses on the campus especially but not entirely in Business, and usually at night performed yeoman duty.

Attorney Skerry taught business courses for as long as fifteen years for payment well below faculty rates; faculty wife Barbara Rosentreter taught Writing for much less pay than came to her tenured companions in the faculty down the hall. Before concluding this account of Extension work by our faculty and their spouses! It was not just regard for remote students but present or future tuition costs for our faculty with children that fueled that helpful Extension Teaching!

Sometimes campus programs, intellectual, musical, and cultural, are dominated by Administration, but at SOC there was much student control of budgeting and spending for activities. Bornet served on the student dominated committee for Lectures and Performing Arts for his whole time at the College, as we tried to stretch ten thousand dollars a year to cover all kinds of visiting specialists. Entertainment came under a Programs Committee; Ed Hungerford served for a time on that. Faculty who joined in this thankless interaction effort with student committees over the years—inexplicably and none too pleasantly from four to six PM once or twice a week—should have been rewarded with thanks from someplace, but I can recall none.

Schlesinger, Jr. Governor Vic Atiyeh was fun, but I told him bluntly there was to be no smoking in my car. John Hope Franklin, the distinguished black historian and his wife, were exciting visitors for four interacting days, expanding our friendship from earlier years. When home he grew orchids as a consuming hobby in his Chicago roof garden. Franklin was a pioneering black guest at the College and our remote county alike. It was eye opening to drive the conspicuous and decidedly handsome pair to Crater Lake, stopping now and then, absorbing major attention enroute. This memorable visit, something of a gamble, proved a great success!

Town and Gown relations between faculty and students on the one hand and townspeople on the other can be a troublesome subject for colleges located in small towns, nationwide. Professors and merchants are not natural soul mates. Its leaders were in this era astonishingly responsive to complaints and even to potential protests from merchants in the greater community.

Not being a rural or small town boy, I will admit that I then thought much of this caution unnecessary, even humiliating. Some areas in which the College hesitated to compete daringly with local enterprise as the universities certainly did with impunity at Eugene and Corvallis were Bookstore merchandising, housing in general, food service, and some recreation facilities. SOC got a multipurpose student union and a health service with resident physician, nevertheless. Successive presidents kept campus economic activity closely reigned in. Our cautious real estate expansion engaging in essential home purchase for construction and parking was handled with tact, I thought, judging from newspaper accounts of expansion and minimum outcry enroute.

While the early unpainted concrete dormitories north of the Boulevard seem overly cost-cutting in my view , the campus in general has grown into a beautiful Ashland asset. Landscape architects ultimately planned the permanent tree placement that eventually added up to an increasingly green and welcoming—even spectacular—campus. The many dormitories, the dining halls, the student union, the playing fields, and the general atmosphere are all commendable. The visible university environment is a knockout all year, but especially in the autumn when a riot of color dominates.

For a time there was a noontime organist. Predictably, some Ashlanders soon complained of noise pollution. At Pullman Square, booths will be set up to take "mug shot" photographs and to complete child identification kits. A kit will include a print card, an area for physical description of the child, a bag for a DNA sample and safety tips.

There will also be crime-scene-themed decorations and t-shirts, police-badge-style awards and a dollar raffle. Marshall University forensic science graduate students in the Delta Delta Epsilon honor society are coordinating the event with the assistance of Forensic Science Graduate Program faculty and Forensic Science Center staff. More information about the race and the forensic science honor society also may be found at www. Twenty-five students from the departments of communication disorders and criminal justice, along with residents at St.

Now in its 25th year, GYSD encourages youth-led service projects, which positively affect the young people in each community, said Pam Holland, director of clinical education in the College of Health Professions' Department of Communication Disorders. Held each year in April, Global Youth Service Day is a time when millions of young people come together for celebrations and community service projects, often designed to address and raise awareness around tough community issues.

Spanning three days - April 26, 27, 28 - GYSD recognizes the invaluable contributions that young people make days a year. Local youth who would like to get involved in this Global Youth Service Day event may contact Pam Holland at Donations are also being accepted. Connect on Facebook at www. Donna Spindel, dean of the graduate college. Award recipients were chosen on the basis of the quality and significance of the thesis research, the likelihood that the research will eventuate in a completed thesis and justification of the need for support. Tyler Rice, a senior from Huntington, won Best Presenter, marking the second consecutive year a Marshall student has won that award.

Allyson Goodman, associate professor of advertising at Marshall, said the presenters prepared for the competition for a year, with the culmination of their efforts taking place in her JMC course, Advertising Campaigns. The students who developed the project and attended the event were: Jessica Kesner, a senior from Petersburg, W. Blaire Lawrence, a senior from Mechanicsville, Va. Friday, May 10, at Ritter Park. Rembert was a linebacker for Marshall University from to who passed away July 9, , from a pulmonary embolism.

Rembert Memorial Enrichment Program and be used to assist local elementary school children in attending local camps and extracurricular activities. Participants can sign up and donations can be made at www. Registration by May 3 guarantees him or her a t-shirt. Shirt availability will be limited on race day. Also, registrations or donations can be mailed to: J. Rembert Memorial Fund, 10th Ave. More information is available by e-mailing 3. Rembert started the Johnathan Goddard Endowment Scholarship for his former Marshall teammate who passed away in a motorcycle accident a few years ago.

Nicole Perrone, assistant professor of theatre, said the digital prompt book enables the stage managers to do everything one needs to do in an electronic format, as opposed to paper. For example, instead of attempting to notate all the movement in a dance, the stage manager can make a video of the dance and embed that video right into the script. It's really amazing. The new technology is being used for this week's production of "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum," which runs through a matinee Sunday, April Perrone said she first became aware of the digital prompt book when she met several transfer students from Florida School of the Arts, who have been using the digital prompt book for years.

Chelsey Moore, a sophomore theatre performance major, said she first used digital prompt booking as the stage manager of this year's production of "Doubt. The cast doesn't even know; they don't have to stop or anything. Stage management can be stressful regardless, but this is a tool that helps make it less stressful.

Ashley Monet, a senior theatre performance major, said the prompt book is still new to everyone, but it is easier and faster for a stage manager to use. She said the apps work together to help make prompt booking happen. It's cleaner; it's quick; we have more functions like taking pictures of everyone when they're on stage instead of trying to write down every single person. We have a cast of 18 with two understudies, so that's a big cast," Monet said. Moore said that even though the digital prompt book eliminates the constant use for paper, it is still good to have a backup.

We can print this out if we need to in the event that the iPad would fail. Photo: Marshall University theatre students from left Dakota Croy, Chelsey Moore and Monet Saffore are using digital technology, including an iPad, to perform stage management tasks. Several events are planned during the two days, including the annual Green and White football game and the 76th annual Alumni Awards Banquet, both on Saturday. Friday 6 p. Saturday 11 a. Forbes was recruited by Coach Jack Lengyel and played linebacker for Marshall from to Forbes now gives motivational speeches throughout the country.

His wife, the former Victoria Seabolt, also is a Marshall graduate. They live in Largo, Fla. Edwards Stadium. The West, Annex and Softball parking lots open at 9 a. The stadium's Gate A ticket office will open at 10 a. Not all seats will be available for sale until after the renewal deadline on May Customer service representatives will be available to answer all questions regarding season tickets.

Open seats will NOT be marked. Gates will open for all Green and White game fans at p. Seating is on a first-come, first-serve basis. Students who do not have a ticket prior to the game must be prepared to present a valid MU ID at the gates.

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Twenty people and one alumni club will be honored. Saturday is also the final Green and White Day of the academic year. Beth Wolfe, Marshall's director of recruiting, said about students will meet with faculty and staff from the colleges in which they are interested. For the past 30 years, Dondanville has been an avid horse rider who experienced firsthand the power behind a horse's jump. I, too, have had a rotational fall but luckily, only suffered a mild concussion. Dondanville decided to begin her research immediately by studying the angles of flight within a horse's jump path.

She hoped to find the cause behind the rotational falls and determine a course of action to lessen the growing occurrence of rider deaths. What Dondanville found out changed the way she will ride a horse forever. By training riders to maintain the right speed and the trajectory of a horse's jump point, we can save many lives.

Dondanville, an associate professor of athletic training through the COHP's School of Kinesiology, said her research on the biomechanics of a horse's jump was more than an area of interest. It was a labor of love. Gary McIlvain, chair of the School of Kinesiology and associate dean for the COHP, said this will be Dondanville's third international conference, but her second oral presentation on this topic. Dondanville's interests in equestrian injury prevention complement what other faculty are doing in injury prevention in other sporting venues," McIlvain said.

We congratulate her on her accomplishments thus far and look forward to many more. With help from the VA Department of Rehabilitation, she hopes to begin a line of research exploring postural control improvements following therapeutic riding sessions at OUS. More than 5, researchers will attend with more than 2, abstracts and 88 concurrent sessions. Based on the data collected from her recent research, she hopes to prevent many amateur riders from experiencing a fatal fall in the future. Shapiro, dean of the Marshall University Joan C.

Edwards School of Medicine, today announced the creation of a new advisory board which will provide recommendations to the dean's office on matters of strategic development, community interests and fundraising efforts, ultimately advancing the school's educational mission. White , a former nurse and hospital administrator who has a master's degree in public health from Johns Hopkins University. She is also a member and founding attorney with Farrell, White and Legg, a legal firm in Huntington. Mark F. Sheridan, a graduate of the SOM, former SOM Alumni Association president and a local physician in private practice, has been selected by the board as chair-elect.

The following people were named to the inaugural dean's advisory board: 2-year term. The board had its first organizational meeting this month and is expected to meet bi-annually. Joseph Shapiro, dean; Tammy White, chair. Back row - Monica Hatfield; Dr.

Shari Clarke; Dr. Maurice Mufson; Dr. Joseph Assaley; Steven Shattls; Dr. Dev Rellan; Dr. Not in the picture are Sharon Ambrose, Dr. Mark Sheridan, chair-elect, Dr. Omayma Touma and Joan Weisberg. Photo by Leah C. Payne, Marshall University. Edwards Performing Arts Center on the Huntington campus. The meeting begins at 2 p. Three individuals and one team of two people will receive the Distinguished Artists and Scholars Award. To be eligible for the Distinguished Artists and Scholars Awards, faculty members must either be tenured or hold tenure-track appointments.

The purpose of the award is to recognize distinction in the fields of artistic and scholarly activity on the part of the Marshall faculty. The Distinguished Artists and Scholars Award will be given to:. Two people will receive the John and Frances Rucker Graduate Adviser of the Year award, which acknowledges the contributions of Marshall's outstanding graduate advisers. They are:. Other faculty to be honored at the meeting, as announced last week, are:.

A reception to honor the retiring and award-winning faculty will take place in the lobby of the Performing Arts Center after the meeting. The position of head bison is an important one, according to Nancy Pelphrey, assistant director of Alumni Relations. He supports athletics, of course, but is also so very important to many other aspects of Marshall. He appeals to kids of all ages, visitors, students and alumni. Marco has been around Marshall in some form for 59 years. Jack and Vause Carlsen, who were editors for the Chief Justice yearbook, developed and introduced the idea of Marco, according to Marshall archives.

Marco appeared 21 times in the yearbook and was illustrated by an artist in the publishing department. He was featured smoking a pipe while reading, singing hymns, playing football and sweating anxiously while knocking on a dean's door. The first Marco costume debuted in Since then, many people have played the role of Marco including Alan Young, who was one of the all-time favorites for Herd fans.

He performed from through and even won a national mascot championship. Michael J. Farrell, a current member of the MU Board of Governors, played the role in the late s. Auditions for the role of Marco are set for Sunday, April 28, at 1 p. Students - undergraduate or graduate - interested in being Marco should go to marshall.

The awards banquet highlights Marshall's Alumni Weekend, which takes place this Friday and Saturday, April Honoring distinguished alumni, friends and students, the banquet starts at 7 p. Originally from Barboursville, he received his undergraduate degree in vocal performance from Marshall University in Wiley has been described as one of America's most innovative thinkers on the future of learning. His cutting-edge work is helping America find ways of cutting costs while delivering a world-class education to all our students.

Harnessing the promise of technology to drive better results is David's trademark. Kenneth L. He is the father of seven and grandfather of 14, is active in the community and is involved with youth through mentoring and coaching. He has been recognized for his many unpaid hours of community service with the Air Force Outstanding Volunteer Service Ribbon, and the local branch Roy L.

Wilkins Meritorious Service Award. He has 28 years of service as a Little League football coach and serves on many committees throughout the area. Hale has made significant contributions to the community through his membership with Omega Psi Phi fraternity, which was incorporated in through the Nu beta chapter at Marshall. The ZBT Foundation is a nonprofit corporation exclusively committed to educational and charitable purposes that assist the brothers of Zeta Beta Tau fraternity.

Summers has 35 years of corporate sales, business development and national account management experience. He graduated from Marshall University in and the previous fall had served as Marshall's mascot, Marco. He moved to Atlanta 35 years ago and immediately became one of the founding members of the Marshall University Atlanta Club. John Gilmore, president of the Atlanta club, said Summers is a huge Marshall supporter. Joe Gillette, chair of the Marshall Foundation board of directors, noted Summers is the "go-to guy for anything related to Marshall.

I have witnessed his tireless work to promote Marshall on an individual level as well as local in the Atlanta area and nationally," Gillette said. Summers travels near and far, east coast to west, to watch as many Thundering Herd athletic events as possible. She taught special education in Mercer County, served as principal of Park High School for 10 years, earned two master's degrees, earned 11 professional certifications and spent the last 10 years of her career as Director of Special Education in Mercer County. All the while, Pace and her family have been strong supporters of Marshall University.

College of Fine Arts - Michael K. Paxton is a sixth-generation West Virginian and Chicago-based artist with more than 35 years of dedicated work. He graduated from Marshall in with a B. Mattox Jr. He earned his Master of Science degree from Marshall University. Mattox has extensive experience in designing and managing public works projects for highways, bridges, water, wastewater systems and site development.

Charlie graduated in with a degree in business administration and Norma graduated in with a degree in business management. In , Charlie established Carroll Insurance, which quickly became a large and highly successful operation. Both Charlie and Norma have been extremely supportive of Marshall, most recently turning their attention to the Simon Perry Center for Constitutional Democracy. A veteran educator with more than 30 years of experience, she has dedicated her professional life to enhancing educator preparedness and student achievement in West Virginia. She holds a Doctor of Education in Curriculum and Instruction with an emphasis in Instructional Technology, as well as an Education Specialist degree in Curriculum and Instruction with a minor in Instructional Technology from Marshall.

School of Medicine - Sen. Ron Stollings, M. He is a graduate of Marshall University. Marcum, co-founder of the company, contributes concepts and strategies to Access clients. In addition to Access clients, Marcum advises many local nonprofit groups in advertising and marketing. Marcum was inducted into the John Marshall Society for his dedication to the university.

College of Science - Dr. Gary Ellis. Gary Ellis, a native of Proctorville, Ohio, received his bachelor's degree in chemistry in and master's degree in chemistry in , both from Marshall University. His entire professional career has been spent in the pigments industry, beginning in with BASF-Wyandotte in Huntington and continuing there when ownership of the facility was transferred to Flint Group Pigments in Ellis rose to the facility's top technical position, its Site Technical and Quality Control manager.

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He currently collaborates with Marshall faculty on projects relating to the development and processing of pigments at Flint Group. A native of Parkersburg, W. She was elected to One Valley Bancorp's board of directors in and in she was elected executive vice president of One Valley Bancorp, later becoming chief operating officer.

She is a Huntington native, and graduated from Marshall with a master's in Speech Pathology and Audiology in She eventually became a speech pathologist for Cabell County Schools and later began working in the medical field of speech pathology at Cabell Huntington Hospital. Young Alumni Award - Jacob G. Hill is a December graduate of Marshall University. He has been the district manager for five stores throughout West Virginia for the past five years. Committed to his community, he took over the Point Pleasant Sternwheel Regatta as chairman when he was just 20 years old.

Carolyn B. Clements, M. Charles W. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point and served tours of duty in several locations around the world before retiring from the Army in to attend the Marshall University School of Medicine. Today, Clements' service to the community and to the university are significant. He reaches out to provide medical care and emotional comfort to the homeless each month. While maintaining a 3. He is a chemistry and applied mathematics double major in the College of Science.

Hunter is a proud fourth-generation Marshall student. His great grandparents, grandparents, two aunts and father all attended Marshall. She has been active in the community, participating in Clean Putnam County Hurricane City Park , helping to facilitate playground equipment, and visiting hospitals and assisted living homes. She also has been a lifeguard at Waves of Fun in Hurricane. He is from Point Pleasant, W. Davis takes pride in serving her sorority and the community. A member of the dean's list, she plans to attend graduate school after completing her undergraduate studies. Club of the Year - Atlanta, Ga.

This is the third time the Atlanta, Ga. The club's president is John Gilmore and he will be accepting the award on the club's behalf. Matt Hayes, executive director of Marshall's Alumni Association, said clubs located around the country help alumni stay connected to MU. Engineering professors Dr.

Richard Begley and Dr. Tony Szwilski recently were notified that their Canadian patent application has been approved. It is the first Canadian patent awarded for an invention developed at Marshall. They were awarded a U. Their system, which uses a combination of GPS devices, cameras and ground penetrating radar to measure track wear and other problems, has taken more than 10 years to develop. Currently, they say, track inspectors have to rely largely on a limited number of multi-million dollar inspection machines that are only available to inspect the tracks a few times a year.

These inspections are used in combination with bi-weekly visual observations, which must be obtained by foot in some cases. Begley said, "Track inspection the way it's done today is a highly specialized skill. It is labor intensive and very physically demanding. It can also be quite dangerous. The researchers say the invention is intended to complement the visual inspections and should help inspectors identify problems faster. Their device uses basic "off-the-shelf" components wired together and mounted on a mobile platform that fits snugly on the rail.

The platform is attached to a sports utility vehicle or rail bike adapted to run on the tracks. Although the components are readily available, the inventors are quick to point out that the GPS system in their device is a specialized type, not the typical navigation system found on mobile phones or in passenger vehicles. Begley and Szwilski used federal and state funding to produce a prototype of the device, which they used for field testing in cooperation with the railroad industry.

Although the system was designed specifically to monitor railroad tracks from the vehicle to which it is attached, the inventors say there may also be applications for the technology to be mounted directly onto railcars and other platforms. Szwilski said, "We're encouraged because this technological innovation has been industry 'pulled' by three major railroad companies keenly interested in applying this technology to address their specific needs. We think there's a market. He and Begley are now working with Marshall's Technology Transfer Office to identify companies that might be interested in commercializing the technology.

The researchers say the entire invention process from the concept to receiving the patent was enlightening in many ways, especially after legal expertise was consulted with the assistance of the Technology Transfer Office and the Marshall University Research Corporation. The attorneys provided advice throughout the patent process. Szwilski said, "We have been very grateful for the guidance and technical support Marshall has provided us. That was a vital element in our being able to successfully patent our device.

The new facility will also help us recruit full-time graduate engineering students to work with our faculty from institutions here and from other countries, as well. Wael Zatar, dean of the College of Information Technology and Engineering, said, "The real beauty of this system lies in its ability to detect track deficiencies and direct the maintenance crews to the best use of their time and limited budgets.

This work by Dr. Begley and Dr. Szwilski speaks well for the kind of faculty talent and expertise we possess here in our college and at Marshall overall. Above Marshall University researchers Richard Begley, left, and Tony Szwilski have developed a device they say will make inspection of railroad tracks safer, more accurate and less expensive than current methods. Below The railroad track inspection system Begley and Szwilski invented uses a combination of GPS devices, cameras and ground penetrating radar to measure track wear and other problems, and is mounted on a mobile platform attached to a sports utility vehicle or rail bike that has been adapted to run on the tracks.

Photo courtesy of Marshall University. Outstanding high school students and Marshall students in both Latin and writing competitions were recognized during the awards ceremony. Maier Jr. A high school graduate at the age of 16, William Maier received an award then given by West Virginia University which named him the top Latin student in the state. He credited the extra devotion to Latin and Latin students by his teacher as having helped him secure a scholarship to Harvard College.

They are administered by Marshall's Department of Classics. The William J. Maier writing awards were established in by William J. These awards, for excellence in writing, are presented annually to students enrolled in English classes at Marshall. Here are the winners of this year's Latin and writing awards.

For the college students, the degrees indicated are the ones they are pursuing or recently earned. Teacher: Margaret Horioka. Teacher: Ginny Cook. Teacher: Amy McElroy. Teacher Ginny Cook. Teacher: Ede Ashworth. Biological Science, Fort Gay, W. Faculty mentor: Professor A. History, Marlinton, W. Criminal Justice, Ona, W. Faculty mentor: Professor K. Faculty mentor: Professor T. Taylor, B. Political Science, Petersburg, W.

Faculty mentor: Professor J. Sexton, B. English, Mount Gay, W. Brady, B. English, Scottown, Ohio. English, Hurricane, W. Lilly, M. English, Beckley, W. Faculty mentor: Professor R. English, Charleston, W. English, Eminence, Ky. Brooks, B. English, Huntington, W. Jackson Armstrong, B. English, Kenova, W. English, Gerrardstown, W. English, Scott Depot, W. English, Point Pleasant, W.

Visual Art, Scott Depot, W. Croy, B. Secondary Education, New Haven, W. Secondary Education, Catlettsburg, Ky. Here she is congratulated by Professor Art Stringer after receiving one of the awards as Dr. Jane Hill looks on. Tuesday, April Shari Clarke, vice president of multicultural affairs at Marshall, said that the workshop series, to continue this summer, will focus on providing culturally specific information on various countries, using both local and national speakers with expertise on a specific country.

In addition, a workshop on general understanding of culture will be offered. Although there is no charge for the April 30 luncheon, reservations are needed and may be made by calling the Office of Multicultural Affairs at or by e-mailing Clarke at clarkes marshall. She was the only student chosen from West Virginia. Hatten, whose faculty advisor is Dr. This is important because compounds like butyraldehyde are exposed to high temperatures in the production of biofuels. Her research is one of 60 projects chosen from more than applications. The Council on Undergraduate Research sponsors the April event, which spotlights undergraduate research in an effort to encourage more students to pursue research opportunities.

I am thrilled that she has been given the opportunity to participate in Posters on the Hill and I look forward to seeing her future achievements," McCunn said. A showcase of the Harless Center's work begins at 5 p. The ceremony is a time to show appreciation and give recognition to those people who have been identified as outstanding contributors to West Virginia's educational system with special focus on the rural areas of the state, said Dr. Stan Maynard, executive director of the center.

This year's hall of fame inductees include:. The showcase and the presentation of the Hallie Harless Distinguished Teacher Award will also be part of the night's events. In addition, William A. The mission of the June Harless Center is to provide leadership in educational initiatives for West Virginia educators and students, providing educators and families of rural West Virginia with a support system that addresses educational problems, sustains school improvement and provides positive growth in all educational factors. The June Harless Center currently has ongoing projects with many counties in the state providing support and professional development.

Browning, a freelance writer and lecturer living in Lewisburg, W. Woodson Memorial Foundation, Inc. The banquet begins at 6 p. Proceeds will help fund a scholarship endowment to support outstanding Marshall University students, as well as the purchase of materials on black culture and history. She writes about her experiences in the s freedom movement, and about African American history. She has been a guest lecturer at more than 75 colleges and universities, presented scholarly papers at a dozen historical conferences, and team-taught, with Dr.

David Trowbridge, two classes in civil rights movement history at Marshall University. Browning is special assistant to the Honorable Andrea J. Pendleton, the first woman elected mayor of the town of Rainelle, W. Music for the banquet will be provided by Charles Johnson. Corporate tables also are available. To purchase tickets or for more information, contact Newatha Myers, foundation president, at ; Loretta Hagler, banquet chairwoman, at ; or Rebecca Glass, banquet chairwoman, at The Carter G.

Woodson Memorial Foundation is named in honor of Carter G. Woodson, who is widely known as the "father of African American history," founded the Association for the study of Negro Life and History in He also started the influential "Journal of Negro History" in Hedrick Outstanding Faculty Award winner for The award is named in honor of Charles Hedrick's father, Charles E. Hedrick, a former history professor and later Chairman of the Graduate Council, and one of the founders of Marshall's graduate program. Marshall's Center for Teaching and Learning announced the Hedrick Award and two others honoring four faculty members.

Kateryna Schray has been at Marshall since , when she was hired as an assistant professor of English. Schray is, quite simply, an exemplary teacher," said John Van Kirk, also an English professor at Marshall. Carla Mulford and David S. Theriot, Michelle Daigle. University of Louisiana at Lafayette, City University of New York, Charles Brockden Brown La part du doute.

Paris: Belin, Berressem, Hanjo. Fritz Fleischmann, and Klaus H. New York: Peter Lang, Cody, Michael Amos. Glasenapp, Jorn. Gottingen: Wallstein Verlag, Gould, Philip. Hamelman, Steven. Hsu, Hsuan L. Kaufman, Frederick Leonard. The Autonomic American. Korobkin, Laura H. O'Leary, Crystal Laraine. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, Rosen, Elizabeth Melinda. Rowe, John Carlos. Literary Culture and U. Shaw, David Martin. University of Toronto, Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll.

Robert Blair St. University of Louisiana Lafayette, Traister, Bruce. Boston University, Chapman, Mary. Ontario, Canada: Broadview Literary Texts, Charras, Francoise. Christophersen, Bill. Marc Amfreville, and Francoise Charras. American Sympathy: Friendship in Early U.

Columbia University, Ellison, Julie. Julie Ellison. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Fluck, Winfried. Udo J. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitatsverlag, Idiart, Jeannette, and Schulz, Jennifer.

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Wells, and Martin Luther King Jr. However, his highest rank is Col. He alleged that the war in Iraq serves the interests of a minority of rich power holders, but is paid for in tax dollars and American blood. Despite a strong work ethic, Desmond has a hard time holding on to steady work. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. A remarkable figure. You need to spend a little time south of Manhattan.

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Tubingen: G. Narr, Patrick, Marietta S. History : Purdue University, Weber, Alfred and Wolfgang Schafer. Fliegelman, Jay. New York: Penguin Books, Frank, Armin Paul. Armin Paul Frank. Berlin: Schmidt, Herdman, John. Martin's Press, Porte, Joel. Schafer, Wolfgang.

Charles Brockden Brown als Literaturkritiker. Schreiber, Andrew J. Warner, Michael. Joseph A. Boone, and Michael Cadden. London: Routledge, Ziff, Larzer. Dauber, Kenneth. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, Brian Docherty. Gabler-Hover, Janet. Kittel, Harald. Limon, John. Litton, Alfred G. O'Shaughnessy, Toni. Stott, G. University of Tulsa, Budick, Emily Miller.

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