Teaching literacy to students means that they are given the ability to communicate clearly and effectively and form the foundation of modern life. Literacy skills allow students to seek out information, explore subjects in-depth and gain a deeper understanding of the world around them. When they can not read well, they become discouraged and frustrated by school, which can result in high school dropouts, poor performance on standardized tests, increased truancy 1 and other negative reactions, all of which can have major and long-lasting repercussions.
This is why it is so important to think about your strategies for teaching literacy skills in your classroom. Literacy skills may be the focus in language arts classes, but they are equally necessary for math, science, art, music, and any other course work. Students who cannot understand the material in a textbook may fall behind, which is particularly problematic in classes with information-dense textbooks like science.
This helps science teachers overcome the hurdle of student achievement when blocked by low literacy levels, disorganized texts, and high-level vocabulary. The ability to absorb and understand the content is an essential skill for every student, in every class. This makes incorporating literacy skills into every classroom necessary.
When answering word problems in math class, encourage students to write long-form answers, not simply jot down a number. Children who excel at reading 3 routinely score better on math skills challenges related to problem-solving, estimation, data interpretation, and math concepts. The challenge facing teachers is incorporating literacy skills into every lesson plan in a way that makes sense. For math classes, word problems and practical math applications use literacy skills for problem-solving.
In science classes, lab reports should be detail oriented and contain step-by-step processes. With art, a picture can say a thousand words, but make sure students can verbalize or write down their reactions to what they create or see.
Some educators say this might be more effective for the students with special needs. Teach students to spell words correctly A relatively small number of words account for 80 percent of the words elementary- grade students use in their writing. Articulations of the new developments in ways of thinking, in policy and in law include:. Singer, Biegel, D. He comes and goes Although once hailed, [ by whom? The correct way achieve students indicate what some people know?
By bringing literacy into every classroom, students receive added exposure and learn that reading is an essential life skill. Writing plays several roles in the classroom.
It helps further cement new concepts by allowing students to describe these items in their own words. It encourages logical thinking by forcing students to organize their thoughts. It also helps them learn how to tell a story, communicate ideas and record important moments. The National Writing Project is one of the longest running development programs in the U.
It offers a variety of literacy workshops designed to help teachers incorporate writing skills in the classroom. Keep in mind that long form essays are just a single facet of developing writing skills. In the future, students will spend much more time writing brief replies to emails or jotting down to-do lists.
Be sure to incorporate those types of tasks in the classroom, so they have experience with both essays and more day-to-day writing skills. When students are engaged in literacy they are engaged in learning, but students are not prepared to dive into the written word and immediately extract all of the valuable content. They need instructional guidance on how to read critically, understand the material and implement what they have learned. As a teacher, you can provide the necessary framework using concepts such as previewing text, reading with a purpose, predicting and making connections and the use of graphic organizers.
In addition to quick literacy assignments in class, students need to develop reading stamina. Give them the practice they need by developing a classroom library. They can also choose to sit with their friends. Every table has a range of sensory tools, including playdough, stress balls, buttons and other objects.
Steven says that students can use these as alerting or calming tools. They are beneficial to all students, not just students with autism.
Steven says he considers flexible learning opportunities. One way he shows this is by using visual supports for different learning needs. He has also introduced assistive technology so students can record class notes. Students have access to laptops with touch pens so they can draw on the screen, screen readers and voice-to-text tools. Steven also incorporates varied ways for students to show their understanding.
The Supporting Students with Autism course is part of the Inclusive Classrooms professional learning program for teachers. Inclusive Classrooms supports school staff to bring inclusion into the classroom and support students with diverse learning needs at school. You can also register your interest in a Term 4 course after August 5. We are strengthening inclusive education in schools through our policies and programs.
Inclusive education ensures that all young people living with disabilities or additional needs can participate, achieve and grow. Our website uses a free tool to translate into other languages. This tool is a guide and may not be accurate.